Full text: The alcohol problem

CHAPTER III 
PARTIAL PROHIBITION AND ITS EFFECTS 
The Prohibition Movement in Canada—Local Option and Pro- 
hibition in Australia—Local Option and Prohibition in New 
Zealand— Prohibition in Sweden—Prohibition in Norway— 
Prohibition in Iceland—Prohibition Movements in Other 
Countries—Local Option in Scotland—General Conclusions. 
Tue PROHIBITION MOVEMENT IN CANADA. 
THE course taken by prohibition movements in our 
colonies and in other countries is most instructive and 
lluminating. Though we are fifty years or more 
behind some of the colonies in the evolution of our 
thought and practice, so far as it relates to prohibition, 
we ought to be able to learn from their experience the 
directions in which we are likely to progress, and if 
we have sufficient foresight, we ought to be able to 
avoid many of their mistakes. 
In Canada the prohibition movement has advanced 
further than in any other countries save the United 
States and Finland. Itbegan aslongago as 1855, when 
the Province of New Brunswick enacted a law pro- 
hibiting the sale of intoxicating liquors, but the 
measure was repealed within a year* In 1864 the 
*“ Dunkin Act ”’ was passed, which gave the countries, 
towns, and villages of Ontario and Quebec authority 
* For much of the information relating to prohibition in Canada 
[ am indebted to an article by the late Mr. B. S. Spence, * Alliance 
Year Book,” 1924, pp. 32-69. 
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