Full text: The alcohol problem

CHAPTER 1V 
THE METHODS OF CONTROL ADOPTED DURING THE 
GREAT WAR 
[ntroduction—The Actual Effects Produced—The Incidence of the 
Various Measures of Control—Regulations in the Hours of Sale 
—Other Regulations of the Control Board—The Working of 
Control—Subsequent Restrictions—The Effects of Restrictions 
and Taxation on Expenditure—Lessons from Control—Differ- 
ential Taxation of Alcoholic Liquors. 
INTRODUCTION. 
DURING the course of the great war a large number of 
restrictions on the production and sale of alcoholic 
liquors were introduced in this country, and the effects 
on the sobriety of the nation were so remarkable that 
they are bound to exert a permanent influence on 
the course of all future temperance legislation. The 
social and economic results achieved during the latter 
part of the war will serve as a landmark, which it will 
be the object of reformers to reach again in future years 
by methods of procedure based to a considerable extent 
on the principles established by war-time control. 
This control took a number of different directions, 
which were applied at partly overlapping times and in 
gradually increasing strength, so that usually it is not 
possible to determine closely the relative degree of 
importance to be attached to each measure adopted. 
Nevertheless, we shall see that a good deal of dis- 
entanglement is possible, and we shall be able to prove 
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