Full text: Report on an enquiry into wages and hours of labour in the cotton mill industry, 1926

of full time apprentice-one-loom weavers in Bombay. There were no 
special features regarding the widths of the looms allotted to, or 
the character of production turned out by, these one-loom weavers. 
The looms were of the same widths as those normally allotted to 
two-loom weavers and the qualities of cloth turned out were also 
similar. Enquiries made from the offices of the Agents of the 
respective mills in Bombay elicited the reply that many weavers in 
Sholapur are so inefficient that it is impossible to give them more than 
ane loom. 
114. The following table gives group averages in the same way as 
those presented for Head Jobbers and other Jobbers :— 
Earnings of All Weavers 
Bombay .. 
Sholavuar  .. 
Basis of 
2a vment 
r Time 
| Piece 
Average Rarnings 
Daily | Monthly 
Rs. a. p. Rs. a. p. 
3] 215 9 7% 8 8 
11,765 1 11311148 4 2 
20 12 1 
full time 
of full 
Rs. a. p. 
1 85 0 0 
L850 0 0 
15012 3 
24 38 5 © 
ITC a TR emis Tm —- Wr | ct 
*For reasons already given, the Ahmedabad figure represents 27 times the daily 
earnings. For Sholapur the month = 26-7 days. 
115. With reference to the effect of deductions from wages for spoilt 
cloth handed over to the workers please see Appendix (. 
(3) Ring Spinners 
116. It was stated in paragraph 79 that the work on Ring Spinning 
Frames is usually distributed between three different groups of 
workers : (1) Doflers who replace empty bobbins after the full ones are 
removed or doffed, (2) Tarwallas or Followers who attach the threads on 
the bobbins and set the machines in order for running, and (3) Siders 
or Piecers who attend the frames once they are started and piece 
broken threads together. No Tarwallas are employed in Ahmedabad. 
Ring Spinning is the one process in a cotton mill which offers 
employment to workers of both sexes in all age groups. Excluding 
Jobbers, Banders, Oilers and “ Others ”, the number of operatives in all 
age and sex groups returned as Siders, Tarwallas and Doffers amounted 
bo 15,497 or 21°65 per cent. of the total number of workers covered by 
the Enquiry. . Of these, 10,584 or 68-30 Per cent. were men, 4,244 or 
27-39 per cent. were women and 669 or 4-31 per cent. were children. 
The distribution of these workers by age and sex groups in the three 
occupations covered is shown in the following table *—

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