Full text: Modern business geography

Modern Business Geography 
ing. Another type consists of the manufacture of imported raw ma- 
terials, such as sugar, spices, coffee, and silk goods. Oakland is es- 
pecially important for lumber products from lumber cut in the Sierra 
Nevada Mountains on the east or brought from Washington and 
Oregon by boat. 
Aside from the universal industries and the canning factories, Los 
Angeles has two great industries. - One is the refining of oil the supply 
of which comes from the California oil fields, shown in figure 102 (page 
129). The other is unique, because Los Angeles is by far the greatest 
center of the motion picture industry. Scenes pictured there are shown 
daily to audiences in almost every country of the world. Several 
geographical factors combine to produce this result. (1) First comes 
the climate, with its clear sunny skies at all seasons, and its absence 
of extremes of either heat or cold. (2) The mountains furnish splendid 
scenery close to the great city. (3) Not far away the ocean with its 
fine surf and picturesque islands supplies the scenery for plays of an- 
other type. (4) And lastly the vegetation varies greatly. Tracts of 
desert bushes occupy the low, dry plains, wonderful orchards of oranges 
and other fruits interspersed with rich gardens and grain fields are 
found in the irrigated areas; while open forests of live oak cover the 
lower slopes of the mountains and denser pine forests abound higher up. 
To the stranger who has the privilege of seeing how motion pictures are 
made, Los Angeles seems like a city in wonderland, but to the players 
it 1s a place where a great industry has its home. 
The manufacturing region of southeastern Canada is practically a 
continuation of that of the eastern United States. Toronto, as may 
be seen in Figure 162, lies almost in the area of intensive manufactur- 
ing, while Montreal is an outlier like Minneapolis and St. Paul. These 
places draw coal, iron, raw cotton, rubber, sugar, and wool from a 
distance, and convert them into manufactured goods that are sold all 
over Canada. Other cities, such as Quebec, Winnipeg, and Vancou- 
ver, supply local demands. 
Nevertheless, most of the manufacturing of Canada consists of 
relatively simple operations, such as sawing boards and shingles, mak- 
ing wood pulp, canning fish, and making butter and cheese. Like 
such states as Maine, Minnesota, Tennessee, and Arizona, most of 
Canada relies on the northeastern United States and England for a 
large part of its more complex manufactured goods, and devotes its 
energies chiefly to taking care of its natural resources.

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