Full text: Modern business geography

Cereal Farming 
harvested. Not much, to be sure, is raised in the western half of the 
United States, where there is too little rainfall for it and the high 
plateaus are too cold, especially during the nights in summer. A 
good deal is raised in the Appalachian Mountain states, though the 
land is rugged and the soil coarse. But even there the crop is meager 
compared with the region of the greatest production, where the con- 
ditions for corn are so favorable that in summer it is difficult to get 
out of sight of growing corn. This region, as is seen in Figure 31, 
extends from eastern Nebraska across Iowa, Illinois, and Indiana to 
western Ohio. It is called the American corn belt. 
On the rolling prairies of the corn belt it is possible to use machin- 
ery almost as freely as in raising wheat. The relief is so gentle that 
almost every acre can be planted. The soil is deep, fertile, and so 
free from stones that cultivators, which root out the weeds, can slide 
smoothly through it between the rows of corn. The lemperature is 
such that there is a long growing season without frosts. Both 
the days and the nights are warm in summer, and the great heat of 
midsummer makes the corn grow wonderfully. Although a good 
amount of rain falls, it generally comes in brief thunder showers and 
the sun is little clouded. 
Corn in other lands. Most of the conditions that favor corn grow- 
ing prevail in Rumania, Hungary, Mexico, and Argentina, and in 
those regions corn is an important crop (Fig. 39). In Argentina, 
especially, corn has been rapidly increasing in importance, until now 
the crop is larger than that of wheat. Corn cannot be grown in 
Canada — except in southern Ontario—or in northern Europe, be- 
cause these northern regicns 10 not have summers that are long 
enough or warm enc:z> Tov have less than five months free from 
Fic. 33. In eastern Texas, along the Gulf coast, and in the Mississippi river lands of Arkansas 
are found level, swampy tracts of good soil within the belt of high temperature that rice needs. 
In the inland valleys of California, where soil, surface, and temperature are suitable for the up- 
land varieties. rice is now cultivated successfully on irrigated land.

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