Full text: Iceland 1930

patients at sanatoria, hospitals, and nursing homes for children, in 
case the patients themselves or those on whom they are dependent are 
too poor to defray the expenses. Under these circumstances the ex- 
penses are borne by the treasury, to which, in consequence, the dis- 
fricts and towns concerned have to contribute 2 krénur per every re- 
sident, or a lump sum not exceeding two-thirds of the expenditure in- 
curred by the State in connexion with the treatment in consumptive 
hospitals of the patients they are liable for. 
A sanatorium (60 beds) was built in northern Iceland in 1927, part- 
ly for private means and partly at the expense of the State. In the 
neighbourhood of Reykjavik a small convalescent home for tubercu- 
‘ous patients (built by a private society) was opened in 1926. 
The following table will show the State budget for tuberculosis un- 
der the act of 1921: 
1922 . 131 thousand krénur 1926 . 492 thousand krénur 
i923 . 281 —_ -_ 1927 . 861 —- Ls 
1924 , 332 it] —_ 1928 . 912 — — 
19256 , 503 — — 
The Great War brought a very large increase in the costs of build- 
ing houses and a consequent diminution in output. Therefore the de- 
mand for housing accommodation, especially in Reykjavik, where the 
population rose rapidly through influx from outside, was confronted 
with a complete lack of eupply of free dwellings. The municipal au- 
thorities of Reykjavik had a few houses built as an emergency mea- 
sure, which, howcver, failed to bring any noticeable relief. And as 
Reykjavik was most severely affected by the housing shortage, a special 
act was passed in 1917 prohibiting all unnecessary raising of rents. 
Under this act, too, the right of giving notice was legally restricted, and 
made subject to the legitimate interest of the landlord (personal re- 
quirement) or offences committed by the tenant (arrears in payment of 
rent, disturbances of peace, etc.). A rent committee was set up, to which 
landlords and tenants might apply for rent fixation. The act remained 
in force till 1926, but in spite of all these restrictive measures, rents 
went on rising steadily, though not at the same rate as the building 
costs, which for Reykjavik were estimated to have increased five-fold 
by 1920 as compared with the prices ruling at the outbreak of the 
war, whereas the average rent had but trebled or scarcely even 
that. Thenceforward there has on the whole been a gradual de-

Note to user

Dear user,

In response to current developments in the web technology used by the Goobi viewer, the software no longer supports your browser.

Please use one of the following browsers to display this page correctly.

Thank you.