Full text: The reconstruction of agriculture in the Soviet Union

scale agricultural production, from individual to social- 
ized production. 
The period of the rehabilitation of industry is thus 
co-existent with the prevalence of small peasant econ- 
omy. What was small-scale production able to achieve 
during this period of its domination in agriculture? 
First of all, it should be noted that the system of 
government of the U. S. S. R. created the necessary 
prerequisites for raising the economic level of the small 
peasantry, instead of its wholesale ruination. This 
was demonstrated by the rather rapid restoration of 
animal and plant husbandry, which had been almost 
destroyed by the war, blockade and famine. Also the 
sown area grew from year to year. 
The rapid restoration of agriculture in the U. S. 
S. R. took place not only under conditions of a growth 
in savings and investments in production, but also 
was accompanied by an improvement in the living con- 
ditions of the agricultural producer. According to 
data of the Statistical Administration, the consump- 
tion of butter by the rural population in 1925 was 
over one-third more than the pre-war consumption in 
the village. In the following years the consumption 
of butter showed a continuous gain, as indicated in 
the following table: 
1927-38 ..iimisimispinimsmisi 
Annual Per Capita Butter and Fat 
Consumption in Villages : 
Per Cent of 

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