Full text: Forced labour in Africa

and that resentment at having been thus forced into the 
deceased’s service and some feeling of desperation as to 
his prospects of ever getting away from deceased’s 
service afforded the motive for the commission of this 
crime. . . . Had I had before me at the trial all the informa- 
tion which is now available I should have added to my 
verdict a recommendation to mercy.’ (Transvaal Crimi- 
nal Records, No. 8 of 196). 
“The Native was duly hanged.” 
The Transvaal Agricultural Union sent the inter 
departmental committee a copy of the evidence which a 
deputation from that body laid before the Native Affairs 
Commission on Nov. 11. 
This deputation urged “ the complete segregation of 
the Natives from the towns and the gradual repatriation 
of all male Natives, except such as are housed under the 
compound system.” 
“The deputation asked for a board representative of 
the mining and agricultural industries to be appointed to 
regulate the number of Natives admitted to work in urban 
areas. The board should have the power to restrict 
gradually the number of Natives entering urban areas in 
search of work and to divert them into other directions.” 
The idea apparently is to reproduce at the towns the 
system that exists at the mines and to replace the pre- 
sent Native villages (locations) by compounds for single 
men or at least men without their families. This would 
mean that the families evacuated from their present 
houses in the locations would have to find homes some- 
where else, and, as there is not room for them in the more 
congested reserves, they would be forced to apply for per- 
mission to live on farms, where the men would be obliged 
to give three month’s labour in each year to the farmers 
without pay before they left for the town compounds to 
work for a wage, leaving their families on the farms for 
the rest of the year. 
The disastrous effects on Native social life that such 
a system entails are obvious. 

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