Full text: Hours and earnings of men and women in the hosiery industry

Table 6. Size of Establishment by Type of Hoslery 
Type of hosiery 
Number of employes 
RABY I oc conppmmn mmm —————— 
50 and under 100 moc cee cera m—aa- 
100 and under 500 ouvir 
500 and under 1000 _ uae mecca a————— 
O00 BOG DIOP coun mmm nm imi —— 
Total __. 
full- fashioned 
and seamless 
Pay roll period selected 
~The pay roll period ending nearest to June 15, 1928, was selected 
for study. An analysis of the hours and earnings data collected by 
the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia since 1923 and published 
by the Department of Labor and Industry® showed the month of June 
to be a nearly average period for both earnings and employment in the 
hosiery industry for the five years previous to 1928. Figures for 
earnings and employment for the whole of 1928 showed the June 
period to be well chosen, as the employment and earnings index 
numbers for June varied only slightly from the index number for the 
average of the entire year, (Chart 1). It seemed advisable to use 
a full calendar year as the basis for calculating annual earnings so 
that all data on annual earnings were taken for the year 1927. 
Method of collecting data 
Data on schedule plant hours, lunch period and work shift were ob- 
tained from the employers or their representatives. The figures for 
hours of work and weekly and annual earnings were copied from the 
plant pay rolls by representatives of the Bureau of Women and 
Children. Data on annual earnings were taken only for employes who 
had been on the pay roll for the full year of 1927, and who had re- 
ceived a pay envelope for not less than 44 weekly or 22 two-week 
pays. k* 
The employes 
Hours of work and earnings were tabulated separately for men, 
women, and minors under 16 years of age. Information regarding 
minors under 16 has not been included in this report which is based 
s“Employment Fluctuations In Pennsylvania,” J. Frederick Dewhurst, Speclal Bulletin No. 
94, Department of Labor and Industry, pp. 142 and 171; and “Labor and Industry,” De. 
partment of Labor and Industry, March, 1928 to February, 1929. 
**'he majority of the hosiery plants paid their employes weekly, 22 of the 36 plants hav- 
Ing a weekly pay period, There were 18 plants with a two-week pay period and one 
plant in which the embloves were paid semi-monthly.

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