Full text: Peach culture in California

The flesh of the Spanish group is red in color and hard, and the 
skin is noticeably pubescent. The tree is large, vigorous, and 
adapted to the warmer localities. The typical varieties are: Blood 
Cling and Indian. 
The fruit of the Chinese Cling group is dull in color, with a thin 
skin, and flesh that is white or yellow, juicy, fine-grained, and of 
good quality. The leaves are large. Most of the commercial varieties 
are found in this or in the Persian group. Typical varieties are: 
Chinese Cling, Carman, and Greensboro. The Elberta is probably a 
cross between Chinese Cling, and Early Crawford. These varieties 
tend to have a long rest period. ; 
The Persian group includes all varieties originating from the 
importations out of Persia by way of Italy, Great Britain or the 
Colonies. The typical varieties are: Alexander, Early Crawford, 
Late Crawford, Hale’s Early, St. John, Susquehanna, Tuscan, 
Phillips,* Heath, Foster, Lemon Cling, Salwey, and the somewhat newer 
midsummer varieties; Paloro, Hauss, Gaume, Johnson, Walton, and 
Sims. As with the North China group the varieties of this group also 
drop their leaves early and have a rather long rest period. 
Suitability of the Variety for a Purpose—Since peaches are raised 
for drying, shipping, canning, or for home consumption, it is necessary 
to select varieties that are best suited for these special purposes. The 
condition of the market has much to do with the way the fruit is 
sold or used. Some orchardists, therefore, prefer to raise freestone 
varieties that may be dried, or sold fresh. Clingstone varieties are 
used mostly for canning, although a very few are shipped as fresh 
Canneries use yellow-fleshed clingstone peaches. The canners’ 
standard ealls for a firm peach with a golden color, of good symmetri- 
cal size, without red at the pit, and the pit should be small. 
Among the yellow clingstone varieties, the Tuscan and Phillips 
were formerly preferred because they interfered less with the canning 
of pears, plums and cherries in July, and because desirable midsummer 
varieties were not then available. The midsummer varieties such as 
the Hauss, Paloro, Peak, Johnson, Gaume and Sims, however, are 
increasing in popularity. The Tuscan and Phillips appear to be 
losing favor with the canners at present, due to defects such as 
splitting of the pit and gumming of the fruit. The Tuscan is also 
objectionable because of the red color of the flesh near the pit, which 
causes a colored syrup. 
¢ The varieties, Phillips, Paloro, Hauss, Gaume, Johnson, and Walton originated 
in Sutter County, California.

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