Full text: Religion, colonising & trade

personal influence was not needed to induce English 
promoters of discovery and settlement in the reign 
of Queen Elizabeth to raise on high the missionary 
banner. Among ‘the principal navigations > will be 
found numbers of passages in which lip service, if no 
more, is abundantly paid to the call of the mission field. 
It is in evidence, where it would not be expected, in 
the records of Frobishet’s voyages. Edward Hay, in 
his account of Gilbert’s last voyage, argues that, if 
Cabot’s discovery of the coast of North America had 
been followed up by exploration inland, no doubt Her 
Majesty’s territories and revenue had been mightily 
enlarged and advanced by this day. And, which is 
more, the seed of Christian religion had been sowed 
amongst those pagans which by this time might 
have brought forth a most plentiful harvest.’ 1 In 
‘ Christopher Carlile’s Discourse,” written in 1583 in 
the hope of inducing the Russia Company to take in 
hand American discovery, the prospect of © reducing 
the savage people to Christianity and civility’ is 
coupled with that of providing for the unemployed ; 2 
and—to take one more illustration—the discourse 
written in the same year by Sir George Peckham in 
connexion with Gilbert’s voyage, when dealing at 
great length with the ethics of planting’ among 
savages, lays down that ¢ the use of trade and traffic 
(be it never so profitable) ought not to be preferred 
before the planting of Christian Faith.” ® 
It is certain that a call to evangelise the heathen 
was prominently put forward in the days of Queen 
1 Hakluyt, vol. viii, p. 35. 2 Ibid., p. 143. 
3 Ibid. p. 98.

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