Full text: Iceland 1930

Iceland is a large island in the North-Atlantic, close to the Arctic 
circle, and comprises an area of about 103,00C square kilometres, with 
its extreme northern point (the Rifstangi) lying in latitude 66° 32' 
north and its most southerly point (Dyrhélaey, Portland) in latitude 
63° 24’ north, not including the islands north and south of the land; 
if these are counted in, the country extends from 67° 10’ N. (the 
Kolbeinsey) to 63° 19’ N. (Geirfuglasker, one of the Westman 
Islands). With longitudinal direction E.—W. it stretches from 13° 30' 
W. of Greenwich (the Gerpir) to 24° 32" W. of Greenwich (Létrabjarg). 
The skerry Hvalbakur (The Whaleback) lies 13° 16’ W. of Greenwich, 
or a little farther east than the Gerpir. 
The west, north and east coasts are very irregular and abounding 
in good harbours, while the south coast is remarkably free from in- 
dentations and has no safe harbour except at the Westman Islands. 
There are comparatively few islands round the coasts of Iceland, with 
a very small area as compared with that of the main island. Breida- 
fiordur (DBroadfirth) on the west coast embraces, however, a great 
number of islets. 
Iceland is essentially a mountainous country; the most prominent 
lowlands are in the south, where they form a pretty long and, in parts 
a broad, stretch along the coast. There is also a number of valleys, 
branching out from the many firths and bays in other parts of the 
country. The whole of the interior is filled with plateaux and moun- 
tains, the highest peaks of which are to be found in the south-east, 
where Orzfajékull and Snzfell (the Snowfell) rise to an altitude of 
2119 metres and 1975 metres respectively.

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