Full text: Modern business geography

The Fuel Products 
work of pipe lines. Through these, by means of pumping stations, 
the oil is forced from the.tank at the source of production to the re- 
finery near the market (Fig. 104). 
A. Where the world’s coal is mined. 
1. What are the two great coal-producing regions of the world? (Fig. 99.) 
2. Make a list of the five countries that produce most coal. beginning with 
the chief producer. 
China is thought to stand third among the world’s coal fields. How 
do you explain her small coal production? What relation has this to 
political conditions? 
What two possible explanations can you give for the absence of coal min- 
ing in equatorial regions? 
Pennsylvania and England are of about the same size, and each produces 
more than two hundred million tons of coal annually. What advantages 
for coal production does each possess ? 
How coal is formed. 
From a local coal dealer secure samples of the following kinds of coal : 
anthracite, bituminous, cannel, and lignite. If possible, get also a piece 
of peat. This may be found in almost any marsh. 
In an encyclopedia or a general geography read about the formation, 
distribution, and uses of the different kinds of coal. Take notes and 
make a report to the class, using the samples you have gathered to il- 
lustrate your points. 
How coal is used. 
About six tons of coal are burned in the United States each year for every 
man, woman, and child in the country. Under the following headings, 
make lists of things that you use, to show in a general way how your 
share is consumed. 
(a) Buildings heated by coal. 
(b) Metals smelted with coal. 
(¢) Manufactured goods made with machines driven by power obtained 
from coal. 
(d) Means of transportation for which the power is furnished by coal. 
How we may conserve our coal supply. 
Since coal is exceedingly important and our supply is limited, it is short- 
sighted to waste it thoughtlessly. It is estimated that for every ton of 
coal that we burn another has been wasted. Smoke consists of particles of 
unconsumed coal. In the United States at least twenty million tons of 
coal pass into the air yearly as soot in smoke. In what other ways is 
smoke a detriment? Is it a sign of progress that certain cities are fa- 
mous for their smoke? What are the laws in your city in regard to the 
smoke nuisance? Consult some encyclopedia to find out the uses of soot.

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